According to the National Education Association “Licensure is a mandatory process whereby individuals interested in practicing the teaching profession must meet predetermined state qualifications.” Teacher licensing in the 50 states is administered through various state organizations such as state departments of education or professional state standards boards. The majority of states now have standards for certification that are comparable to the Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (INTASC) standards. A licensure candidate will need to meet the specific academic and teaching requirements for the state where they are interested in living and teaching.
In order to work in a public school, a candidate must be fingerprinted and pass a background check.
Yes, in order to teacher in the K-12 U.S. schools, teachers need to have a Bachelor's degree with the appropriate teacher preparation course work and content emphasis area course work for the elementary teaching license. Those teaching in U.S. high schools need a Bachelor’s degree with a content major or usually 40 hours. In some states a fifth year of college course work is required and in other states a Master’s degree is required.
Early childhood education focuses on children birth to age 8. Future teachers learn how to develop curriculum and learning experiences that are appropriate for young children, while always responding to the changing needs of children, families and society. Teachers may be licensed to teach the early childhood grades, usually preschool through grade three, and may use their license to teach in childcare facilities such as Head Start or private childcare centers.
The amount a teacher earns in the United States depends on education level, experience and the school/district/state, since there is no uniform salary schedule. Salaries for the average beginning teacher in the U.S. continue to lag behind their peers in comparable professions. The average beginning teacher’s salary was estimated to be $34,935 for the 2010-2011 school year.